Integrating biodiversity into SEA and EIA studies can be problematic. The following guidelines and methods of integrating biodiversity apply equally to EIA as well as SEA. These concerns should, however, be considered at early levels of the drafting process of any new legislative and regulatory framework (CBD decision V/18, paras. 1(c) and 2 (a)), plan, policy, or program, and at the early levels of decision-making and/or environmental planning (decision V/18, para. 2 (a)).